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November 11, 2021

How Vehicle Emissions Affects Our Health

The warm winter mornings in the majority of our metro cities are covered with smog. Often mistaken as natural fog, this grey blanket that covers early morning skies is severely dangerous. The cold nights make the smoke, and other particulate matter difficult to disperse in the atmosphere, making it accumulate in our local area. Be it Delhi, Mumbai, or Calcutta, mere breathing in these cities is lethal for inhabitants. Quite often the Air Quality Index (AQI) touches the severe and very severe levels. It is not like the situation is better in summers, the boiling temperature makes it easier for the emissions to disperse away. It is just an accumulation on a larger level. Air pollution imposes a huge cost on society as it increases both morbidity and mortality.

Did you know that 32 of the world’s 40 cities with the worst levels of air pollution are in our country?

Sooner, or later we will need to remove this status quo to make our place sustainable. And as per a report from ICCT (The International Council of Clean Transportation), approximately 1/3rd of the air pollution caused in India is due to vehicles. A typical passenger car emits about 4.16 tons of carbon oxides per year. This same amount of CO2 is sequestered by about 2 acres of young trees annually. Not to mention the other more lethal emissions like nitrogen oxides, sulfur, ozone, and fine particulate matter. And the environmental hazard caused by extracting these fossils.

The condition of our commercial vehicles is far worse.  Millions of age-old trucks in India’s logistics segment are primarily the source of diesel emissions. The adulteration of fuel and fuel products and lack of shared mobility infrastructure are a few problems that should be urgently dealt with. The sulfur present in diesel post-combustion forms particulate matter that is the primary cause of pollution affecting the lung adversely. Another emitted gas Carbon Monoxide that is produced by the incomplete combustion of petrol/diesel dissolves in our hemoglobin and reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Thus leaving a lethal impact on our circulatory system. Similar is the impact of other gaseous and semi-solid emissions by combustion-based vehicles. The other emissions include nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, ozone, lead, etc. All The More problematic is the low efficacy of our fossil fuel-based engines that indirectly makes us pay a heavy price for mobility.

As much as two-thirds of deaths from air pollution in India can be attributed to exhaust emissions from diesel vehicles, found a new study.

A report featured in Economic Times says Delhi residents could see 9.4 years added to their life expectancy if pollution were reduced to meet guidelines set by the World Health Organization (WHO). Another report presented in parliament by the central government highlights the impact of air pollution caused by vehicles. It says “There is a wide range of adverse health/environmental effects of the pollutants released from vehicles. The effects may be direct as well as in-direct covering right from reduced visibility to cancers and death in some cases of acute exposure to pollutants, especially carbon monoxide. These pollutants are believed to directly affect the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.”‍

We are the first generation to feel the effect of climate change and the last generation who can do something about it. - Barak Obama

We need to soon start acting cautiously to preserve this environment. One of the few good realizations pandemic has led us to is that our living space can be a much better place if we curtail the emissions. Transportation can also be a part of a sustainable, and greener future by switching to better fuels. Electric vehicle space is precisely working in that direction. Research says average “lifetime“ emissions from electric cars are up to 70% lower than petrol cars in countries with higher reliance on renewable resources for electricity. And considering the geographical gift of solar energy India is blessed with, we can retrieve most of the electricity to run our vehicles without any carbon footprint. EVs have 0 tailpipe emissions that are the major source of pollution from traditional vehicles. For the same reason countries all over the world are pledging to commit fully to EVs. Indian states also provide an array of subsidies to EVs, which is making the purchase quite a good deal.‍

We at Evy, are also working tirelessly towards making your switch to EV as comfortable as possible. We are building a complete solution to all your EV charging needs. From optimized charging notifications to getting the ideal charge stops for a trip, from booking the charging slots to online payment, we assist you in doing it all in a few clicks.‍